Mudu is located in the west of Suzhou, on the shore of Taihu Lake, and is a famous ancient town in the south of the Yangtze River. It is a famous ancient town in the south of the Yangtze River. It is surrounded by beautiful scenery and rich produce, and it is also surrounded by famous mountains in Wuzhong, such as Tianping, Lingyan, Shishan, and Qizi, so it is called the "Treasure Bowl".
Mudu is an ancient water town of the same age as Suzhou. Legend has it that in the late Spring and Autumn Period, when Wu and Yue were in conflict and Yue was defeated, King Goujian of Yue used the "beauty plan" and offered the beauty Xi Shi to the King of Wu. King Fu-chai of Wu favored Xi Shi, specially for her in the beautiful Lingyan Hill to build Pavilion Wa Palace, but also in the purple stone mountain to build Gusu Terrace, "three years to gather materials, five years to be completed", the source of wood from the river under the mountain blocked the harbor blasphemy, "wood plugged in the blasphemy," wood blasphemy of the name will be The name "Mudu" came from this. More than 2500 years of long history has given birth to the splendid culture of Mudu, since ancient times, Mudu humanities, talented people, from the Northern Song Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty, a total of 25 jinshi, lifts more than 30 people, of which 2 scholars, the first prize winner, a. Famous people are: the Northern Song Dynasty politicians, the first prize winner, the first prize winner. Famous figures include: Fan Zhongyan, a politician and writer of the Northern Song Dynasty; Shen Deqian, a famous poet and selector of poems in the Qing Dynasty; Feng Guifen, an Enlightenment thinker and political commentator in the late Qing Dynasty; as well as Shen Shou, the queen of embroidery, and Yen Jiajian, a dignitary of Taiwan, etc. In addition, Mudu has a rich cultural heritage.
As the transportation hub between Suzhou City and the vast Taihu Lake, Mudu was the gateway to the lake, making it the busiest commercial port west of Suzhou City during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Xu Yang, the court painter of Qianlong, painted a realistic scroll reflecting the prosperity of Gusu at that time, "The Sheng Shi Zi Sheng Tu", also known as "Gusu Prosperity Tu", with a total length of 1,225 centimeters, half of which painted Mudu, the prosperity of Mudu in those years can be seen. In the Qing Dynasty, Qianlong made six trips to Jiangnan on his southern tour, stopping at Mudu six times, reciting poems with his teacher Shen Deqian, and entertaining his friend Xu Shiyuan with tea and chess, leaving behind one popular legend after another. Now more than 200 years later, the pattern and style of the ancient town of Mudu has not changed, is still the largest commercial port in western Wu, the first water town of Gusu, the town's ancient houses, deep courtyards, small bridges and flowing water, which Xuxu River was built by Wu Zixu, is China's first man-made canals, incense creek because of the Xishi in the make-up washed full of the river and the name of the incense, Mudu, every river, every bridge has an ancient and beautiful legend, with a very high ornamental and recreational value. value.
Surrounded by mountains and adjacent to Taihu Lake, Mudu has the interest of real mountains and real water, the seclusion of small bridges and flowing rivers, and many humanistic monuments such as private gardens and former residences of celebrities, which makes Mudu Scenic Spot the first of the thirteen scenic spots in Taihu Lake Scenic Area. As the only ancient town with gardens in China, Mudu had more than 30 private gardens during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and more than 10 gardens have been preserved so far. Among them, the Yan Family Garden is the former residence of Shen Deqian, the teacher of Qianlong and the longest-lived poet in China, and later returned to Yan Guoxin, the richest man in Mudu. The layout of the garden is sparse and winding, with appropriate heights, and the local treatment is exquisite and elegant, with deep and elegant, which shows the creator's unique art of gardening, and the modern architects, such as Liu Dunzhen, Liang Sicheng and others, who have visited this garden for several times, have doubled the admiration for this garden, and have called it "the best" of Suzhou's local gardens. "The garden has been highly praised by modern architects such as Liu Dunzhen and Liang Sicheng, who called it the best of local gardens in Suzhou. Rainbow Drinking House is the former residence of Xu Shiyuan, a literati in Mudu, covering a vast area, the building atmosphere, its "beauty of the wind and moon in the mountains and streams, and the triumph of the flowers and trees in the pool pavilion", far better than other gardens, and Qianlong must visit this garden every time he arrives at Mudu. Ancient Pine Garden is the late Qing Dynasty Mudu rich man Cai Shao fisherman's old house, the garden carving building carefully carved, and Dongting Dongshan carving building for the same masterpiece, known as the North and South sisters carving building. Punggol Mansion is the pioneer of the foreign affairs movement, the famous political commentator Feng Guifen's former residence, Jiangnan three carvings (brick, wood, stone) for the treasure of its town garden. Lingyan Mountain Pavilion is the private property of Bi Yuan, the scholar of Mudu in the Qing Dynasty, with a clear pool and a winding bank, which is a famous landscape garden in Wuzhong. Mudu private garden not only adheres to the exquisite and deep Suzhou garden, but also has its open and lofty, mountainous and wild personality, full of a kind of atmosphere and royal atmosphere. During the 28th World Heritage Conference, Luo Zhewen, Zheng Xiaoxie and other famous experts of cultural relics and ancient architecture in China visited the private gardens of Mudu Ancient Town and said excitedly, "This is the real cultural heritage".